Afsaneh Mashayekhi Beschloss (born 1956) is an Iranian-American who is currently the president and chief executive officer of the Rock Creek Group. Prior to this, Beschloss was the treasurer and chief investment officer of the World Bank. Her previous responsibilities at the World Bank included senior manager of the Derivatives and Structured Products Group and Fixed-Income Portfolio Manager. Beschloss has also worked for J.P. Morgan in New York and London, for Shell International Group Planning in London, and she taught international trade at Oxford University. 
Beschloss is chairman of the Investment Committee of the Ford Foundation and is on the Investment Committee of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. She is a member of the board of trustees of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the Urban Institute. She is a past member of the board of directors of Temple-Inland, and of the commercial property firm AMB Property Corporation. She advises international pension funds and central banks and has written a number of journal articles and books.
Beschloss has an MPhil (Honors) in economics from Oxford University and is married to presidential historian Michael Beschloss.